William of Orange




Michiel de Ruyter


Het weer
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Monday November 20 | 1st edition the newest | History Newspaper

The "beeldenstorm" 1556

The Catholic church was the only true church, according to Charles the V and his son and his successor Filips the second.
by Anne Geelen
Yesterday the prices of corn had rises enormously The most people had a hard time, as a result of wars. And because of the wars I am still writing the newspaper. So you what is happening in our city.
The consequences were unemployment, high food prices and increasing poverty. This crisis triggered the iconoclasm. In the summer, there was a sermon about the scandalous images of saints in the church at a protestant meeting in Flanders. The protestants felt that a church should be sober; according to them, richly decorated, magnificent statues did not go with faith. There were three phases and the consequences. The first stage was in the west corner from 10 to 18 August.
They have destroyed some churches that were: Veurne, Leper, Wervik, Waasten, Belle, Sint-winoksbergen, Kassel and Broekburg. The second phase: it extended to the north. The churches in Antwerp, Oudenaarde, Ghent, Breda, S'Hertogenbosch, Middelburg, Amsterdam, Delft, Utrecht. The third stage: was mainly in the north and east of the Netherlands. In the third and final stages, churches were mainly attacked above the Dutch large rivers. The third stage distinguished itself from the other two phases because it was more organized.
In This phase there was no question of itinerant groups, but the storming of churches was mainly done by the local population, reinforced with nobles. King Philip II wanted to restore the order in the Netherlands and punish the iconoclasts, and therefore sent Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva to the Netherlands. He immediately carried out the three orders of Philip, namely the insurgents, to make sure that only the Catholic faith in the Netherlands would be members and enter the centralization of the administration.
His opponent Willem van Oranje, who had many possessions in the Netherlands, was completely against Philip's politics. His ideals were more self-sufficiency for the Netherlands, and tolerance between Catholics and Protestants. He fled to Nassau, like the Netherlands part of the Holy Roman Empire but outside the sphere of influence of Philip II, and organized from a rebellion against the Spanish administration of Philip II. This rebellion became the beginning of the Eighty Years ' War.

The Republic

by Anne Geelen
The Republic of the United Netherlands was a Confederation/States association with the pull of a defence alliance and a customs union. She largely covered the territory of the current Netherlands. She gained great political and economic power and played a leading role on the world stage for a long time. The end came with the invasion of France, although the downturn had already been deployed. The Republic consisted of eight sovereign states: Groningen, Friesland, Overijssel, Gelderland, Utrecht, Holland, Zeeland, and Drenthe. Each state controlled its own territory. Representatives of seven states sent their representatives to the States General in The Hague. Because of the enormous wealth of the Republic due to the successful trade flourished the culture, especially the painting, strong. This century was also nicknamed The Golden Age. In Total, according to calculations of art historians, three million paintings were produced by about 5000 artists, including Rembrandt, Vermeer, Frans Hals, Flinck, Ferdinand Bol and Jan Steen. Architects like Jacob van Campen were also successful.
Rembrandt van Rijn 1606-1669
-door Anne Geelen-
We found out that this man has a hidden talent it started drawing, then with small paintings and now with great paintings. This man has a talent for painting. His identity is Rembrandt van Rijn. He was born in Leiden on July 15, 1606, and is now 19 years old. Hoisting will soon go to Amsterdam to expand his art, he has told us.
He now only makes paintings of landscapes and situations. But now he's going to start making portraits of yourself or your whole family. He also made paintings for a wedding, from the bridal couple. and sold them to an art dealer who sold them again. His painters atelier Light at the Sint Antoniesbreestraat.

Spinoza 1632-1677

by Anne Geelen
Spinoza is the most famous philosopher of the Netherlands: he belongs to that small group of philosophers who face the history of Western thought. The call name of Spinoza was Bento, which in Portuguese means the same as Baruch (Hebrew) and Benedict (Latin), namely ' the Blessed '. He learned Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, Hebrew and later wrote in Latin.

The Beemster polder

by Anne Geelen
On May 19, the polder was dry and the current drying factory de Beemster was a fact. The land was divided into rectangular plots according to a geometric pattern. The plots were distributed among the investors. The quality of the agricultural land was so high that the project was at the time as an economic success, ? the ' durf'investeerders of that time had their money out there in a year ? this in contrast to, for example, the following with enthusiasm such as the screener or the Heerhugowaard. The polder was drooggehouden with 50 polder Mills, they were replaced by ground and the mills are all gone. Thanks to its fertile soil, the Beemster has also developed strongly as an agricultural area. Characteristic of the Beemster are the striking farmhouses with their pyramid-shaped roofs, such as the famous Farmhouse de Eenhoorn.